Third-highest civilian award of India- The Padma Bhushan
Third-highest civilian award of India- The Padma Bhushan in the independence of India, headed by the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan and followed by the Padma Shri. It was established on 2 January 1954. The award is given for “distinguished service of a high order without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex.”
The Government of India instituted two civilian awards-Bharat Ratna & Padma Vibhushan in 1954. The end had three classes namely Pahela Varg, Dusra Varg, and Tisra Varg. These were consequently renamed as Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri vide Administrative Notification issued on January 8, 1955.
The award has been presented to 314 individuals, including seventeen permanent and twenty-one non-citizen winners. On 2 January 1954, a press statement was announced from the office of the President of India announcing the invention of two civilian awards Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, and the three-tier Padma Vibhushan.
The first recipients of the Padma Vibhushan were Satyendra Nath Bose, Nandalal Bose, Zakir Husain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, V. K. Krishna Menon, and Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, who was honored in 1954.
The Padma Awards were established in 1954 by the Government of India. It is granted annually on the occasion of Republic Day. The award does not sum up to a title and cannot be used as postfix or designation to the recipient’s name. Every year, Padma awards recommendations invite take place between May 1st and September 15. The Padma Awards are declared on the eve of the Republic Day based on the knowledge secured from the awards committee, and after the approval of the Home Minister, Prime Minister, and President.
The fields which are considered for Padma Awards Art, Social work, Public Affairs, Science & Engineering, Trade & Industry, Literature & Education, Civil Service and Sports.