Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science
Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science was inaugurated on 4 January 1972. Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science or generally known as the NICFS is a primary institute located in the capital of India Delhi. The institute was founded by the Government of India in 1972 within the Bureau of Police Research and Development following support of the University Grants Commission (UGC).
The institute was previously known as “Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science” and was founded on 4 January 1972. The institute has trained over 41,000 officers from Police, Judiciary, Prisons, Prosecution, Defence, Customs, Forest, Medical, Public Sector Undertakings, as well as Scientists from Central and State Forensic Science research Laboratories. It was renamed after Indian independence activist and freedom fighter Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan in 2003.
After a group of discussions at the Government level, it was decided that originally the Institute of the scientific study of crime and criminals and Forensic Science should be authenticated only for training the in-service employees and for investigating the field of forensic science. It was felt that saving the State governments and the customer arrangements agreed to participate in the scheme, it would not be knowledgeable to start courses for awarding postgraduate degrees. However, the final purpose of the Institute was to grow into a full-fledged academic institution affiliated with a university.
With the large purpose in illustration, the Institute (ICFS) was established in Delhi in 1972 with the limited purposes of allowing education to the in-service personnel and conducting research in the scientific study of crime and criminals. and Forensic Science. It was also envisioned that the Institute should have two different departments. the Faculty of the scientific study of crime and criminals. and the Faculty of Forensic Science and both should have several important teachers and researchers with satisfactory knowledge and field experience.
The Standing Committee on Forensic Science, during 1973, also supported the production of a post of Chief Forensic Scientist so that the activities, which required scientific information at the Union Government level, could be accurately correlated. The post of Chief Forensic Scientist was finally sanctioned during 1983, and the Forensic Science Directorate was created in BPR&D.
Over the years, NICFS has trained more than 40,000 officers from Police, Judiciary, Prisons, Prosecution, Defence, Customs, Forest, Medical, Public Sector Undertakings, Nationalized Banks as well as Scientists from Central and State Forensic Science Laboratories.