Events Gurmeet Batra  

1915: Mahatma Gandhi came to India from South Africa

1915: Mahatma Gandhi came to India from South Africa. A hundred and five years ago on January 9, a little boat having some of Bombay’s future leading industrialists, a senior doctor, a diamond merchant, and a journalist set off from the recently built Gateway of India to receive the SS Arabia, a letter vessel traveling from London. This particular appointment was attending a yet to become extraordinary figure Mohandas Gandhi, who was back in India with his wife Kasturba after 21 years stayed in South Africa. 

1915: Mahatma Gandhi came to India from South Africa
1915: Mahatma Gandhi came to India from South Africa

On 9 January 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came to India from South Africa and grew as the most prominent figures who led India’s independence movement and made India free from British sovereignty in India.

After over 21 years of living in South AfricaMohandas Karamchand Gandhi arrived in Mumbai on January 9, 1915, and a small launch having some of Mumbai’s prominent citizens had set off from the afresh built Gateway of India to greet the ‘SS Arabia’, a post boat, which carried GandhiGandhi returned to India in Mumbai with his wife Kasturba.

But the South African human freedoms activist had not yet become the head of the Indian freedom struggle. While he was involved in replicating his South African operations with Satyagraha in India, Gopal Krishna Gokhale made him agree not to become politically engaged for at most trivial one year after his return.

Mahatma Gandhi with his wife Kasturba Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi with his wife Kasturba Gandhi

Gandhi was then well known in India for his 20 years of campaigning for better handling of Indians in South Africa. Through this time, he communicated frequently with his administrative instructor Gopal Krishna Gokhale and the Indian National Congress.

Gandhi chose to move from South Africa in the summer of 1914, just before the disruption of World War I. He and his descendants first moved to London, where they settled for various months. Finally, they left England in December and landing in Bombay at the beginning of January 1915.

After the achievement of his legal education, Mahatma Gandhi grappled to find employment as a lawyer. In 1893, he gets a proposal from Dada Abdullah who had a transportation company in South Africa. He also worked as his cousin’s attorney in South Africa. He accepted the offer and went to South Africa which was a turnout point in his political career and for the freedom history of India.

Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa
Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa

During his halt in South Africa, He faced embarrassment on several incidents based on prejudice conducted towards black and Indians. This shame and humiliation made him an activist to work for the human rights racial profiling society that people of color were living in at that time. The struggle they face the humiliation they had to go through was barbaric. 

It was the first Satyagraha movement encouraged by Gandhi and an important revolution in the Indian Independence Movement. This campaign considered his approach to the start of an end of British sovereignty in India.