Events Gurmeet Batra  

Lord Irwin welcomed Gandhi to the Viceroy’s residence

Lord Irwin welcomed Gandhi to the Viceroy’s residence for first time on 17 February 1931. If we leave the branch of linguistics and logic concerned with meaning aside though, things become fascinating protest and Satyagraha. Which shook the roots of the British empire monarch. The establishment of the Viceroy residence began in the year 1912 and was complete only by 1929. 

FIRST MEETING OF MAHATMA GANDHI AND VICEROY LORD IRWIN

Lord Irwin welcomed Gandhi to the Viceroy’s residence

Viceroy Lord Irwin became its chief tenant in February in the year 1931 and Mahatma Gandhi was one of the initial guests to the Viceroy House. On 17 February, in the year 1931, Mahatma Gandhi carried the beginning of his memorable conferences with Viceroy Lord Irwin. Before the famous first meeting, Gandhi has been to jail in January for the famous Dandi March and Salt Satyagraha (Namak Satyagraha). 

That’s not it, it is famously said that he brought his own salt in a package and used it to blend in his nimbu pani or Lemonade. This extraordinary move by Mahatma Gandhi also indicates Salt Satyagraha (Namak Satyagraha) and without any hesitation, he performed this salty act.

When Mahatma Gandhi attended the meeting which has been set up with the viceroy, Lord Irwin, on February 17 in the year 1931 the place where this glorious meeting occurred is now called Rashtrapati Bhavan. In the meeting, he refused to have a cup of tea, which was indicated to the Boston Tea Party, and stated he would fancy a glassful of nimbu pani with a squeeze of salt―a remark about the Salt March or Salt Satyagraha he had begun the earlier in 1930. 

Mahatma Gandhi in Dandi March
Mahatma Gandhi in Dandi March

Gandhi attended many meetings with Irwin it is reported they had met with each other eight times until March 5, 1931, since they met first time on 17 February 1931. These extraordinary meetings lead the conclusion finally to the Gandhi-Irwin agreement or we say Gandhi-Irwin Pact

Concepts in an unassuming manner-clothed Gandhi at the impressive new Viceroy residence bothered many significant personalities in London and one of them was Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill. Churchill even made remarks on Mahatma Gandhi’s items of clothing which he addressed in the West Essex Unionist Association some days after the Gandhi-Irwin meeting. 

WINSTON CHURCHILL’S ‘SEDITIOUS FAKIR’ REMARK ON MAHATMA GANDHI

Winston Churchill presented his speech about the meeting of Gandhi and Irwin, also had something about Mahatma Gandhi’s items of clothing the Council of the West Essex Unionist Association on February 23, 1931. Well during Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to the Viceroy House Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill have some serious and famous things to say about Mahatma Gandhi. In his address to the Council of the West Essex, he stated that it was disgusting to see a “seditious fakir, walking half-naked up the steps of the viceroy’s mansion, there to negotiate and talk on equal phrases with the spokesperson of the King-Emperor.” Winston Churchill is known and regarded as the Greatest Briton of all time in Britain. 

The struggle for Independent India is well known and universally complained. As Winston Churchill’s dislike for Mahatma Gandhi, a personality he frequently mockery him, even its involved the different names he called him some of his offensive remarked about Gandhi was “dangerous subversive extremist” and “a seditious Middle Temple lawyer, now acting as a fakir, walking half-naked up the steps of the viceroy’s mansion with the spokesperson of the King-Emperor.” Even though these to personalities never met in person.

After this remark, Gandhi, an innermost Temple barrister, has now become a seditious fakir but by then the legislative energy was with the Indian National Congress, and images were published later the years of Gandhi and numerous viceroys meetings conferences assembling in rockers on a verandah, a tea stand among them.

THE GANDHI-IRWIN PACT

On 26th January in the year, 1931 Gandhi and other Congress Working Committee members were liberated from the jail. The Viceroy was ready to greet Mahatma Gandhi in his castle at Delhi for a negotiation. The discussions between Gandhi and the Viceroy Lord Irwin took place throughout the mid of February and the beginning days of March month in the year 1931. These conversations and discussions became well-known as Gandhi-Irwin Pact. 

Lord Irwin welcomed Gandhi for Gandhi-Irwin Pact
Lord Irwin welcomed Gandhi for Gandhi-Irwin Pact 

For so many numerous traditionalists and political personalities in Britain, those conferences and discussions appeared Impermissible. It is stated that it was extremely depressing and painful for British people and significant figures to see that the Viceroy Lord Irwin, who was the representative of the British Monarch Empire was receiving their principal-antagonist who stood up in India to overthrow the powerful British Empire from India and wanted it to be an independent country. The result we all know about the discussions between the Viceroy Lord Irwin and Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent and famous Gandhi-Irwin Pact which was approved on 5th March in the year 1931.