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Sarojini Naidu Indian independence political activist

Sarojini Naidu Indian independence political activist was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad and died on 2 March 1949 in Lucknow.

Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu Indian independence political activist

Sarojini Naidu Indian independence political activist was one of the most empowering and influential women of India Sarojini Naidu was also known as the Nightingale of India or Bharat Ki Kokila. As well as being the Indian independence activist she was also counted in as one of the most amazing and extraordinary Poets of all time. Sarojini Naidu was an Indian political greatest leader also best acknowledged as the first-ever female President of the India National Congress


At a tender age, she penned poetry and drama plays, a desiring hobby she held during her lifetime. She following received her education in King’s College, England in the year 1916 is where her life took a majestic turn and made her the Nightingale of India. While she was studying in England she was introduced to Mahatma Gandhi which flames up her affair in the struggle for India’s independence. 

Since adolescence, Sarojini was a wonderfully brilliant and talented girl. She was skilled in various kinds of literature including English, Bengali, Urdu, Telugu, and Persian. She was the topper of her education exams that she received her education from Madras University. Her father fancied Sarojini to grow as a mathematician or scientist, but growing Sarojini was drawn to the poem. 

Upon completing her education at just the age of 19, she tied the knot in the year 1898 during that era phase when inter-caste marriages in India were superlative and deemed a violation in the Indian society. Nevertheless, the prosperous union of the couple stopped people from intruding into their private life and carrying it onto a different platform.


Sarojini was inducted into the Indian legislative platform by iconic having allegiance to the Indian freedom effort, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Gandhi. She was profoundly influenced by the separation of Bengal state in the year 1905 and selected to accompany the Indian freedom effort.

Sarojini Naidu had numerous commendations to embedded to her powerful Crown, such as a distinguished enrichment to the Indian Independence Movement. She accompanied the drive at the stern of Bengal partition which occurred in the year 1905 and considering later, she clung to her dedication to the movement. While serving for the Indian National Congress party, she has interacted with various prominent characters of the Indian Independence struggle such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Mahatma Gandhi with whom she administered a personal connection and a very immeasurable harmony. Her connection with Gandhi was that of common honor as well as of benign banter. She popularly described Gandhi as ‘ Mickey Mouse’ and witty remark “It costs a lot to keep Gandhi poor!”

Sarojini Naidu and Mahatma Gandhi
Sarojini Naidu and Mahatma Gandhi

In the year 1919, March, the British administration established the Act which was called the Rowlatt Act by which the property of rebellious records was considered unlawful. After this law, the father of India Mahatma Gandhi established the Non-Cooperation Movement to oppose the Act and Naidu was the earliest to accompany the campaign. Sarojini Naidu sacredly supported Gandhi’s movements and deliberately encouraged his additional drives like the Montagu-Chelmsford Reformsthe Khilafat issue, the Sabarmati Pact, the Satyagraha Pledge, furthermore the Civil Disobedience Movement

She was inspired and embraced by Jawaharlal Nehru, in the year 1925, Naidu was designated as the President of the National Congress hence presenting her as the first Indian woman to take the office of the Indian National Congress. 

Sarojini Naidu in Salt March
Sarojini Naidu in Salt March

In the year 1930 when Gandhi was arrested after the Salt March, she led the movement by herself with other leaders and did not halt it. In the year 1931, she went to London with Gandhi to take a significant role in the Round Table Discussions with the British Parliament. Her political movements and powerful position in the Independence effort directed her to numerous imprisonment in a jail in the years 1930, 1932, and 1942. Her arrest in the year 1942 was directed to confinement for almost 2 years.


Apart from her position and benefaction to the Indian Nationalist Campaign, Sarojini Naidu is also honored for her participation in the area of Indian poem. Several of her compositions were converted into famous songs. She attracted her motivation from life as well as encompassing daily experience and her rhyme reverberated with the spirit of her nationalism. In some of her best books in 1905, her compilation of poems was printed under the headline The Golden Threshold, The Gift of India, and The Broken Wing.


Sarojini Naidu was the first female Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She remained her magnificent life journey by her terms, “As long-drawn as I have breath, as abundant as blood rushes into this arm of mine, I shall not neglect the purpose of independence…I am simply a lady, only a writer. But as a woman, I present to you the weaponry of faith and strength and the protection of strength. And as a writer, I throw out the standard of song and sound, the clarion summons to combat. How shall I animate the blaze which shall wake up you men from slavery…” Naidu was conferred the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British Indian administration for her obligation throughout the plague epidemic in India, which she following renounced in objection over the Jallianwala Bagh massacre which took place in April 1919. Every year on 13 February in India is celebrated as National Women’s Day to recognize the powerful decisions of Women in India’s Memoirs.