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Shaheed Udham Singh shot and killed Michael O’Dwyer

Shaheed Udham Singh great Indian Revolutionary was born on 26 December 1899 at the village of Sunam in Punjab’s Sangrur district.

Shaheed Udham Singh many of us know or heard this name for assassinating and taking revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar. The massacre was ordered by the then lieutenant governor of the Punjab Michael O’Dwyer. Michael O’Dwyer was responsible for that inhuman crime against those harmless 1500 civilians who lost their lives in that massacre. Shaheed Udham Singh fired shots and killed Michael O’Dwyer in London’s Caxton Hall.

Shaheed Udham Singh shot Michael O'Dwyer
Shaheed Udham Singh shot and killed Michael O’Dwyer

This is the tale of Shaheed Udham Singh, the less-widely known freedom fighter and revolutionary who took revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. We would like you to take a look at this great mans tale and know who he was and how he took the revenge.

Early life of Shaheed Udham Singh 

Shaheed Udham Singh lost his parents in early age because of this he had to spent his early life in Orphanage with his elder brother. Since he was a child, he was observing and witnessing Punjab going through an intense turbulence in state. He and his elder brother were raised by Central Khalsa Orphanage Putlighar in Amritsar, Punjab.  

Shaheed Udham Singh's statement in court
Shaheed Udham Singh’s statement in court

According to some source, Udham Singh, was present at Jallianwala Bagh. In that time of the massacre, he was about 19 years old, was wounded throughout the bloody massacre and was surrounded by the dead bodies of Childrens, women, old and unarmed men. He was not completely able to walk till the following morning. Later it is generally believed that, he picked up some blood dripping-soaked sand from where this bloodbath massacre occurred and dredge it up on his forehead and pledge to take vengeance from the person who was behind this.  

That 19 years old kid was deeply moved by the massacre, soon he got involved in revolutionary activities. He went to America and got involved in Ghadar party. Which was revolutionary party founded by immigrants of Punjab.  


In the year 1934, Singh somehow went to London with only one purpose to assassinate O’Dwyer, who Singh considered to be responsible for the bloodbath massacre. The former governor of Punjab, Michael Francis O’Dwyer, encourage the Jallianwala Bagh massacre

Michael O'Dwyer
Michael O’Dwyer

It was the time of 13 March 1940, it was a quite dusky day, a meeting between Royal Central Asian Society and the East India Association was in headway. In that large crowd there was a Indian around 40-year-old man name Udham Singh, who was also attending that conference. As the conference came to an end Udham Singh took out a revolver from his coat pocket and fired two rounds of bullets at Michael O’Dwyer, which killed his instantly at the scene. It is widely said that he did not even tried to didn’t even try to fled from the scene. Shaheed Udham Singh was immediately arrested by the officials for killing O’Dwyer.  


After Shaheed Udham Singh was arrested on the scene, he was sent to Brixton Prison. At the Prison he was on hunger strike for 42 days, before he was forcefully fed by the British authorities. According to the British police during the court trials and in custody he referred himself with the name ‘Ram Mohammad Singh Azad’ which was even tattooed on his arm to symbolising unity between the three major religion in Indian HINDU-MUSLIM and SIKH to fight for their independence.  

Shaheed Udham Singh taking for trials
Shaheed Udham Singh taking for trials

Trials after trails he was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. On 31 July 1940 he was hanged to death at London’s Pentonville Prison. In the year 1974 his remains were sent back to India for proper crimination in his village.  

For taking a revenge of Jallianwala Bagh massacre for many he is a hero or many call him Shaheed-I-Azam. After his revenge Gandhi famously stated Singh’s revenge as “act of insanity.”